Maritain, Jacques

Maritain, Jacques
   Philosopher and Theologian.
   Maritain was born in Paris, of a Protestant family. He was educated at the Sorbonne and as a young man came under the influence of Henri bergson. However, in 1906, he converted to Roman Catholicism and he became an expert on the writings of thomas aquinas. For many years he continued to teach in Paris. Then in 1933 he moved to Toronto and between 1945 and 1948 he was the French Canadian Ambassador to the Vatican. From 1948 to 1956 he taught at Princeton University and, on his retirement, he joined the Community of the Little Brothers of Jesus in Toulouse. A prolific writer, he applied Thomist doctrines to metaphysics and to moral, political, educational and social philosophy. He even added a sixth to the traditional five ways to God’s existence – arguing that intuition and selfconsciousness pointed to a pre-personal existence with God.
   Jacques Maritain, The Countryman of Garonne (1968) [English translation];
   J. Macquarrie, Twentieth Century Religious Thought (1963).

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  • MARITAIN, Jacques — (1882 1973)    French CHRISTIAN philosopher and leading exponent of NEO THOMISM. After World War II he became the French ambassador to the VATICAN but moved to Princeton University in 1948. He developed his political PHILOSOPHY based on the… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

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  • Jacques Maritain — Born 18 November 1882(1882 11 18) Paris, France Died 28 April 1973(1973 04 28) (aged 90) …   Wikipedia

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